Choose an employment contract

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Autor:Kaia Alev
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In case of an employee’s business trip, the employer pays tax-free daily allowance to the employee. The employer can also pay tax-free compensation (to the extent of the allowed limit) for the employee’s personal car used for performing work duties if so agreed.

Example. Jaana is working according to a working time schedule prepared by the employer based on the work organisation needs. The employer has described an employee’s work duties in Jaana’s job description and the working time organisation and other intracompany rules in the work organisation rules. Therefore, both Jaana and her employer know the obligations and liabilities of both parties. The employer has agreed with Jaana on the application of the restraint of trade clause, i.e. Jaana is not allowed to work for a competitor. Jaana has also been notified of the content of a business secret and must maintain its confidentiality.

Robert makes his own rules and if he fails to deliver an order on time, the contracting party can demand the agreed compensation from him. The contracting party is unable to monitor his working time. Also, Robert has no duty to maintain business secrets and may have contracts with competing companies.

An employee must comply with the employer’s lawful instructions related to the agreed work duties in a timely and precise manner.

An employee must participate in a course for the improvement of vocational knowledge and skills, which is organised by or where he/she is directed to by the employer based on the interests of the company.

An employee must refrain from any damaging actions that hinder other employees from fulfilling their obligations.

This includes actions that damage the life, health or property of the employee or other persons; also, actions that damage the employer’s reputation or cause distrust by customers or partners towards the employer. During working time, an employee must behave and act reasonably, taking into account the interests of others.

An employee must work with other employees for the purpose of performance of duties.

Teamwork in work processes is very important and often unavoidable and must be taken into account by the employee.

An employee must immediately notify the employer of an impediment to work or of the threat thereof and, if possible, eliminate such an impediment or threat without a special instruction.

The employee must also act towards making sure that the work organisation is efficient and safe.

At the request of the employer, the employee must notify the employer of all significant circumstances relating to the employment relationship with regard to which the employer has a legitimate interest.

In obtaining such information, the employer must act in good faith and contemplate whether there is a real need for requesting such information.